Fueling Your Body: The Essentials of Protein, Carbohydrates, Fats, and Micronutrients



Protein is one of the major nutrients in our food and a key element of our diet. Protein contributes to a growth in muscle mass, maintenance of normal bones and it is a component of every cell in our bodies.

Protein is a macronutrient that is vital to virtually every cell in the body. It is vital for our body in order to manufacture important molecules, like hormones and enzymes, and to build and maintain muscle tissue. Protein is also great at satisfying hunger. Your body is constantly assembling, breaking down and using protein, so it’s important to include enough protein in the diet every day to replace what is being used. Herbalife Nutrition Philosophy suggests that up to 30% of your daily calorie intake comes from protein, which can include protein sourced from plants, such as soybeans, and animals, like poultry, fish and eggs.

Whilst our individual requirements may vary, we need to ensure that we meet our protein needs daily, and that the essential amino acids come from our diet and not from our muscles. With a range of shakes, bars and supplements, Herbalife Nutrition high protein products will help you improve your daily protein intake and achieve your level of optimum nutrition.


As macronutrients, carbohydrates are one of the three main ways other than protein and fats that helps our body obtain energy and calories. It is a vital component to maintain the proper body functioning. However, people tend to associate carbohydrates with white bread, rice, sweetened yogurts and juice due to its bad reputation over the years.

However, not all carbohydrates are equal. When a carb is refined, many important and beneficial nutrients can be stripped away. Take whole grain wheat as example, when refined into white flour, the starch in the middle remains but the process inevitably strips away the bran on the outside which is a source of fiber and vitamins, as well as those germ that contains vitamins, minerals, and traces of good fat.

Therefore, go for good carbs instead, to supply many of the nutrients your body needs to function properly which are those in an unrefined and natural state, with nothing removed. Sources of these healthy carbs include whole grains, beans, fruits and vegetables, which are all excellent sources of fiber, vitamins, minerals and phytonutrients.


Not long ago, our understanding of fats led us to a simple classification: saturated fats were bad fats and polyunsaturated fats were good fats. Today we know that this issue is much more complex. With fats, it is all about balance –in particular, the balance of two kinds of polyunsaturated fats: omega-3 and omega-6. In small amounts and with the right balance in place (a daily intake of 250mg), essential fatty acids (EPA and DHA) contribute to the maintenance of normal vision and normal brain function.

Your body also requires small amounts of beneficial fats in order to function properly. The typical diet supplies more total fat and saturated fat than we need, and not enough healthy fats, such as fats from fish, nuts, olive oil and avocados. Fats are a very concentrated source of calories, which is why Herbalife Nutrition Philosophy recommends that you limit your fat intake to not more than 30% of your daily calorie intake.

Fish oil is normally associated with brain health. The main reason is that fatty fish –such as sardines, salmon and trout –have high levels of omega-3. Farm-fed fish including tilapia and some salmon have both omega-3 and omega-6 which are less desirable. The long-chain omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA) found in fish are a type of fat that is not produced efficiently by the body and we have to obtain them from food instead. Another benefit of Omega-3 fatty acid is that it helps to support heart health.


Vitamins and minerals are also known as micronutrients. Compared to the macronutrients like protein, carbohydrates and fat, micronutrients are only required in very small amounts. Nonetheless, micronutrients play a central role for a number of essential functions. Minerals, such as copper and magnesium for instance, contribute to maintaining normal metabolism and tissue function.

There are four categories of micronutrients including water-soluble vitamins, fat-soluble vitamins, microminerals, and trace minerals which are beneficial to our body in a different way. Water-soluble vitamins include the likes of B vitamins and vitamin C, help to prevent cell damage from metabolic stress and produce energy. Fat-soluble vitamins including vitamins A,D,E and K protect vision, support blood clotting and provide antioxidants to fight inflammation. Meanwhile microminerals are those common minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium and potassium which are necessary for maintaining muscle, bone strength and controlling blood pressure. Trace minerals like iron manganese, copper, zinc, and selenium help in support nervous system function and defending cell against damage from stress.

It’s important to remember that, with very few exceptions among the vitamins, our bodies cannot produce micronutrients, so it is vital that we consume them on a daily basis. Herbalife Nutrition product range offers supplements that are rich sources of vitamins and minerals for your daily needs. Learn more about our solutions and maintain your micronutrient profile with Herbalife Nutrition.

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